Home Blog

It’s Hard Enough To Recruit Without This

On the one hand, EMS is probably better off with Leon Price. On the other hand, filing criminal charges when there was no intent is definitely not going to induce people to go into EMS as a career.

Charges dropped against former Pa. dispatcher who didn’t send ambulance in 2020 death

Despite Titchenell’s pleas, as her mother, Diania Kronk, was unresponsive and turning yellow, Dispatcher Leon Price stated he would send an ambulance but repeatedly insisted on needing her mother’s consent, even though she was unable to speak, KDKA reported.

Yeah, that’s pretty dumb. Not the fact that Mrs. Kronk was unable to speak, but it’s not the dispatcher’s job to determine if the patient is willing to go to the hospital or competent to make the decision to refuse to go. That’s what the on scene personnel are supposed to do.

A week before trial, Greene County District Attorney Brianna Vanata dropped the criminal charges against then-911 dispatcher Leon Price in the death of Diania Kronk. The charges were filed by Dave Russo, the former district attorney in the county.

Maybe an election year issue?

Price remains employed by the county, but the article doesn’t tell us what job he has. Hopefully nothing where decision making is involved.

Mrs. Kronk’s family is suing in federal court for “callous refusal of public emergency medical services.” Which doesn’t seem like a federal offense or anything that a local court shouldn’t be able to handle. I hope that they aren’t the victims of a callous law firm. Of course if it ever gets to trial we’ll probably not ever hear of it.

Sadly, we seem to be drifting towards a European view of what is and isn’t a crime. Which means that while stupidity is not a crime, nor should it be, stupid people shouldn’t be in EMS.

I’m just going to use my generic EMS Artifact featured image as I refuse to use the staged by her lawyers picture of the daughter holding a picture of her mom.

The moral of the story is that if someone calls 9-1-1 for an ambulance, send the ambulance. I know that we see a lot of dumb calls in EMS, but that’s not going to change in the foreseeable future. If nothing else, it gives us good stories to tell over a few beers.

Day of Days


I’ve posted and linked to this Article from The Atlantic Monthly before. First published in November 1960 it is now behind a paywall so readers are required to pay to read it on line. Well, sort of, but more on that in a minute. First here is a short excerpt from the article.

Unlike what happens to other great battles, the passing of the years and the retelling of the story have softened the horror of Omaha Beach on D Day.

This fluke of history is doubly ironic since no other decisive battle has ever been so thoroughly reported for the official record. While the troops were still fighting in Normandy, what had happened to each unit in the landing had become known through the eyewitness testimony of all survivors. It was this research by the field historians which first determined where each company had hit the beach and by what route it had moved inland. Owing to the fact that every unit save one had been mislanded, it took this work to show the troops where they had fought.

Here is a link to a PDF version of the original printed on paper article. Please read it in it’s entirety while it’s still on line.

First Wave At Omaha Beach

Among the soldiers landing on Omaha Beach that day were Thirty-four young men from Company A, 116th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division. By the end of the day Nineteen of them would be dead. Four more would die in the following days. Bedford, VA proportionally suffered more losses than any other town in the United States.

Which is why the National D-Day Memorial is located in Bedford. It is well worth the drive out into the countryside to visit.

The generation that waged that war to destroy enemies of civilized society is quickly fading from the scene. Those of us who are from a younger generation bear the responsibility of keeping the memory of their lives and heroism alive.

Today I’ll be ensconced in my aptly named “Lazy Boy” recliner watching “The Longest Day.” Time permitting I’ll watch episode two of “Band of Brothers” which is “Day of Days.” From which I borrowed the title of this post.



How Hard Is It?

Back in the mid to late 1980s, my service had a few instances where crews left the cabs of their ambulances unlocked and as a result those ambulances were stolen. Most were recovered, a couple of people were arrested. One was totaled when the thief crashed into a bridge abutment and since he fractured his femur, he couldn’t run away.

After that unfortunate incident the bosses decided that enough was enough and from about 1985 onward every department vehicle was equipped with an anti theft switch. The first ones were manually activated and even if the keys were left in the ignition stepping on the brake pedal would cause the engine to stop running. Later on they were easier to use and crews were told to flip a switch in console and then turn the ignition off and most importantly take the key out. 

I only remember once in between then and when I retired in 2012 having a vehicle stolen. That was because the paramedic ignored the part about take the key out. 

Which is why this astounds me,

Video released of pursuit of stolen Calif. FD EMS vehicle

SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Dramatic video released Tuesday shows the intense pursuit of a stolen Sacramento Fire battalion chief’s truck through city streets.

The chase, which involved a California Highway Patrol helicopter and several ground units, ended after spikes were deployed and police vehicles surrounded the suspect in the stolen truck.

The city-owned F-150 pickup truck was stolen the evening of May 19 from Sacramento Fire Department Station 12, on the 4500 block of 24th Street in South Land Park .

Granted, this was parked inside the station not at a scene. It does however bring up two questions.

  1. Was the station wide open? Could someone just walk in and take whatever they wanted, including a vehicle?
  2. Was there a reason that the key needed to be in the ignition?

Here is a company that specializes in emergency vehicle kill switches. In fact, I believe that they invented the concept. 

This might not help if a vehicle is parked in it’s garage or other place, but it certainly will make scenes more safe when on responses. Besides it will avoid those oh so embarrassing situations when the crew comes outside with a patient on the stretcher only to find an empty spot where just moments ago the ambulance was sitting waiting to be stolen.

Some video from the pursuit,


Here is a news story from all the way over in Florida back in 2021,

Florida firetruck stolen while crew responded to call

If I worked for a company that sold anti theft devices for emergency vehicles I know who I’d be calling today.

A Day in 1942, Another in 1944


Eighty-two years ago the Japanese Imperial Navy had a very bad morning. It had started out fine with Japanese bombing Midway Island and causing significant damage. In return the initial attacks by American planes were ineffective.

At 9:20 Devastator Torpedo Bombers flying off of the USS Hornet attacked and every plane was shot down with no hits. Only one member of the attack survived. Similarly Devastators from the E USS Enterprise and USS Yorktown suffered heavy casualties with no effective hits.

A combination of Japanese fighters and ship based anti aircraft fire had stopped the torpedo attacks, but their efforts had diverted their attention from another threat. The losses of American pilots was not totally in vain. First, the Japanese were undisciplined in their attacks, so weren’t in position to intercept the American dive bombers that were not overhead. The attacks had also distracted the Japanese from rearming their planes and properly storing bombs and torpedoes.

That all changed starting at 10:20 when Dauntless dive bombers started scoring hits on the Japanese aircraft carriers. Within a few minutes the Kaga, Akagi, and Soryu were on fire and would sink later in the day.

The aircraft carrier Hiryu would follow later in the day and other ships would be damaged or sunk for the next couple of days as the shattered Japanese fleet withdrew.

Perhaps more important than the ships and airplanes themselves were the almost complete loss of experienced Japanese pilots, aircrew, maintenance crews. Unlike America, which had a policy of returning experienced crews to the United States to train new pilots and air crew, the Japanese pretty much sent people to combat until they died.

The United States lost the USS Yorktown which had been heavily damaged at the Battle of the Coral Sea and been repaired in record time and sent to fight again at Midway.

That’s the short story, the long story is several books long. I recommend just about any of them for those interested in what turned out to be one of the most crucial victories in the history of naval warfare.

The other day was June 4, 1944. The Germans were driven out of Rome by Allied troops. In late 1943 the Fascist government of Benito Mussolini collapsed and he was arrested. He escaped, but that’s a story for another day. Italy now joined the Allies in fighting against their former partner Nazi Germany. The Germans retaliated harshly and Italy was now treated as a captured nation.

The Allied assault started in January of 1944, but Rome was not freed until June 4. The fighting was on some of the worst terrain for combat in some of the worst weather in Europe. The American 5th Army and British 8th Army were the major Allied forces and both nations suffered heavy casualties. Rome was an open city by the time the Allies entered and a good deal of the German troops had retreated and would fight on until May of 1945 when Germany surrendered.

The Liberation of Rome would have been the biggest story of the month of June except for that other invasion which was labeled the “Invasion of Europe.”

The Italian theater of war doesn’t get nearly as much attention as it deserves. Many of the hard lessons learned at the cost of many lives were used during both the Normandy invasion and the invasion of southern France in August 1944.


Memorial Day 2024


It would be nice if politicians would stop throwing young Americans lives away for nothing more than to score political points.

A friend complains that “We can’t afford to go to war, we don’t have the money.” I remind him that the real cost of war is in lives lost, ruined, or permanently altered, usually in negative ways.

Which is all I have to say today other than “Thank you” to those who gave up their futures for ours.

Easy To Miss – If You Are Not Looking

I recently reviewed two calls for one of our client agencies. Both call were responded to by the same two medics. Both patients were similar in some regards and the mistakes made were very similar.

Here is some of the relevant report, with Protected Health Information (PHI) removed or changed. Note that I’m not using the built in quotation function on the blogging platform, but you’ll be able to identify the text.

Here is the first report.

A3 dispatched to above address for a 68 year old pt not feeling well. Upon our arrival found a 68 y/o male ambulatory outside of him home with crew of FD. Pt was in no obvious signs of pain or distress. Pt stated his stomach has not felt right for the past x2 days. Pt denied any recent illnesses/injuries/surgeries. Pt denied any change in eating habits and states he has been drinking fluids appropriately. Pt had no other stated complaints. PMHx, Meds and allergies as noted. 

Past Medical History: Hypertension
Medications: Aspirin Metoprolol
Allergies: None Known

The vital signs were,
BP 158/72
Mean Arterial Pressure 101
Heart Rate 78,
Pulse Ox 97
Respiratory Rate 16

Exam was not remarkable, including the abdominal exam.

Treatment consisted mostly of a ride to a nearby community hospital.

What, you may ask did they do incorrectly? That’s a qood question because on the surface this seems pretty straight forward, but it’s not. While typically EMS providers are taught that Acute Cardiac Syndrome (ACS) presents with chest pain or discomfort, that’s not always the case. A good percentage of cardiac patients have “atypical” complaints and that’s where experience and looking past the obvious differentiates a clinician from a technician. In this case as soon as I read a sort of vague abdominal discomfort I immediately looked for the attached 12 lead EKG. The problem being that there wasn’t one. Epigastric discomfort is a common atypical presentation of ACS. It’s usually associated with either a Myocardial infarction or Angina effecting the right side of the heart.

So, the first mistake was not looking past the obvious. This is not some sort of secret in medicine. Epigastric distress is right there in their protocols along with several other things that for years were just not recognized. So, this gentleman with a not very complicated medical history is possibly having a serious cardiac issue. IF it were recognized by the crew it could have been treated. That said you don’t treat what you don’t recognize.

As baseball great Yogi Berra said, “You can observe a lot by watching.” People joked about a lot of things he said, but this one was spot on. If you aren’t looking for something, you’ll never see it. In this case it would be reasonable to apply the stickies and hook up the cardiac monitor. A 12 lead EKG would have been interesting to look at, but alas they providers didn’t perform one. Nor did they place an IV line in case treatment was needed. Nor did the give the patient aspirin to chew.

Unfortunately for me and my readers I have no way to find out what happened to the patient. At least I know that he made it to the hospital alive.

Case number 2 involves the same crew. Which is not encouraging.

Herewith are the pertinent parts of their report. I apologize for the all caps narrative. Among other issues, this young lad can’t see to find the Caps Lock on his device,


This one is a bit more slippery because they did obtain a 12 lead EKG. Nine of them to be exact, but some were not clear enough to read. The provided noted some ST Depression in Leads V4 and V5 (chest leads). The problem with that is that those are not contiguous despite the number. Also, when I read the EKG (and I’m much more experienced that the two medics combined) I noticed that actually the anomaly was present in four chest leads, not just two.

Note that this too is a complaint of abdominal pain, but along with that there is pain in his jaw and weakness in both of his arms. It would be helpful if the medic had said which side of the jaw, but that’s not particularly critical. Once I read that complaint I went looking for the EKG (found) IV (found) and the Aspirin (nope). For more than twenty years now Aspirin has been recognized as a critical component of treatment for chest pain. Not that it make the pain go away, but that it makes the blood cells a bit more slippery and reduces clotting of red blood cells.

In this case, for reasons not clear to me they bypassed three hospitals with emergency cardiac catheterization labs and drove about half an hour to a fourth. Fortunately for the patient and them, nothing bad happened. There was something going on, however even to me it isn’t clear exactly what.

Sometime something that appears simple is far from simple. There were times in my field career that I’d look at a patient and get a funny feeling in my stomach. “Gut instinct” we’re told it is, but I don’t know how my gut can tell that a patient is about to fall of a clip. I don’t know how it does, but it does. In both of these cases, I’d have had that feeling in my stomach and would have treated these patient more aggressively than they were inclined to.

Does this make me a super smart paramedic? No, just one that pays a lot of attention to subtle clues.

Burying The Lede

In Journalism, or what passes for it these days the “lede” of a story is the first paragraph. The way that print stories and to an extent electronic media stories are constructed the most important part of a story is the first paragraph. That’s the lede of the story.

When newspapers were the primary method by which people got the news the practice was to put the most important part of the story first and then with each paragraph less important parts of the story were added. There were two reasons for this. First, readers often had short attention spans or maybe limited time to read articles. Second, if another publication picked up the story they may want to shorten it for various reasons. Since everyone knew how articles were constructed it was easy to just lop off the lower paragraphs.

Those are legitimate uses, but there is another way to use that method to build an article for publication. If you put the most important last, then you can fashion your story so that readers will understand it they way you want them to. If’s a form of lying, but a very subtle one.

Put a minor point, but one that supports your preconceived notion of how the public should understand the story first, then way down near the end put the part that undermines your position. In the news business this is called “Burying the Lede.”

Which brings me to today’s post.

At least 16 people died in California after medics injected sedatives during encounters with police

It was impossible for the AP to determine the exact role injections may have played in many of the 94 deaths involving sedation that reporters found nationally during the investigation’s 2012-2021 timeframe. Few of those deaths were attributed to the sedation and authorities rarely investigated whether injections were appropriate, focusing more often on the use of force by police and the other drugs in people’s systems.

This would be the key information that people should know. Which is that despite the scary headline, the ace reporters at Associated Press are just assuming that they were caused by Midazolam (Versed). Note also that few of the deaths were attributed to drugs. What they don’t tell you is that everyone of the people who died had a complete and in depth autopsy performed. Anyone who dies in police custody gets and autopsy to determine the cause of death.

The AP wants us to believe that Ketamine is a safer drug to use, but Ketamine too has potential adverse effects. Especially if the patient already has drugs in their system. Some of the systems with which I work have withdrawn Ketamine from their medication list. Others have opted not to use it believing that Versed and another medication, Haldol, work better and have less potential to cause harm.

The Eric Jaeger quoted in the article is more than a paramedic. He’s a paramedic and a lawyer who has lectured at many EMS conferences. Knowing that I have to wonder if he was quoted out of context. His statement regards any form of sedation and there is no reason to believe that he thinks that Versed is any more dangerous than any other sedative.

Of course the aggregate data from which AP drew their conclusions was not published.

The articles linked to are no better and just as one sided.

None of the experts quoted addressed how public safety professionals can protect themselves while trying to keep out of control people from harming themselves or the public? If the police had let any of these people go and they subsequently died, we’d be reading about that instead of this.

In the case cited in this article the reporter mentions that Mr. Jackson took Methamphetamine. That’s an illegal drug and one that can make people extremely violent. Having worked most of my career before sedation was used I can attest that having the physically restrain people exposed everyone to the risk of serious injury. One medic I worked with suffered a broken neck and was never able to return to work because of her injury.

Note also that in the linked article AP spends considerable space attacking the very same Ketamine that they seem to laud in the first article. Oh, and the mention the Versed is used as part of the cocktail used to execute people. True, but it’s used to help ensure that the person dies without pain. I won’t go into the other drugs used as part of lethal injection, but they are commonly used for medical reasons and in and of themselves not especially dangerous.

We now know one thing for sure. Reporting by Associated Press is not to be trusted.


Jack Pennick

I’ve probably mentioned somewhere along the line that I prefer old movies to current ones. Some of my favorite movies were produced before I was born. Some were produced when my now deceased parents were young and well before they were married.

I like those movies because unlike current movies they depended on the talent of the cast to produce an interesting story. Most of those films were shot in black and white because color film was much more expensive back then.

John Ford was a master director more because he was great at framing shots than he was great at directing the actors. In fact most of the actors who worked with him didn’t like him at all and vice versa. There were a few exceptions, Ward Bond being one. I’ll talk more about Bond in another post.

Ford had an unofficial cast of stock actors who were in many of his films. They’d often play similar characters and thus were actual character actors. Ward Bond was the most frequent member of the this group, but there were others.

The other day I was watching (once again) Fort Apache from 1948. The stars of the film were John Wayne and Henry Fonda. There were many of Ford’s regulars in the cast including Bond, Hank Worden, Victor McLaglen, and Jack Pennick.

Pennick was born in 1895 and had a varied career. A US Marine in World War 1 Pennick worked later on as a horse wrangler. Which is where he met Ford and started working for him as both an actor and a military technical advisor.

During World War 2, Pennick was in the US Navy and became in a photographer in Ford’s photographic unit as part of the Office of Strategic Services. He also was a drill instructor for many of the OSS recruits that came directly from civilian life.

After the war he appeared in a number of Ford’s films including Fort Apache. In 1960 he worked as a technical advisor on another John Wayne/John Ford film “The Alamo.”

Over the years Pennick appeared in over 140 films from 1926 until 1962. His last role was as an uncredited character in the film “How The West Was Won.” Fittingly that segment was directed by Ford and starred John Wayne.

Just another character actor who added a lot of character to the films he was in. The little known performers who made big contributions to cinema.

The 72 Hour Rule(s)

The first 72 Hour Rule says to wait no less than 48 hour and ideally 72 hours before believing any reports on  the Main Stream Media or the Internet about a large scale incident.

As soon as the first coverage gets out, the whacky internet rumors start. Remember that the Main Stream Media (MSM) lives by getting stories out first. He who breaks a story gets the most eyeballs and advertising money. It doesn’t matter if those eyeballs are on broadcast TV, cable TV news, blogs, websites, or even print.

Getting the story out quickly and accurately used to be the rule, but that’s gone now. When you put something out in the days of print you had to live with your mistakes pretty much forever.

This happened before I was born, but is still infamous to this day.

Harry S. Truman, president-elect, holds up an edition of the Chicago Daily Tribune with the erroneous headline “Dewey Defeats Truman”. 


Now, if something is said or published incorrectly, the story can be “stealth edited” so that if you look at it later there is no trace of the earlier incorrect story. That happens on TV and cable news as well. If there was a clip saved to a website, it ill be deleted and replaced with the correct story. That’s fine except that there will be no notation that a previous story was incorrect.

When the MV Dali hit the Francis Scott Key Bridge in the middle of the night last week most people awoke and saw the story with some alarm. Initial reports were that numerous cars were at the bottom of the bay, which turned out to be false.

Shortly after the story broke, the whacky rumors started. Putin ordered the attack as revenge for the US blowing up the Nordstream Pipeline. A Muslim terror group did as revenge for US support for Israel. The US government did it to uh, do something or other. The Harbor Pilots had panicked and hit a secret button to kill power to the ship on purpose.

Self proclaimed experts decreed that the tug boats pulled away prematurely for some unknown reason.

It was a few days before the story came out that the ship had had power system problems. The ship despite being built only in 2016 had a history of shoddy maintenance and had had problems before.

Most of the crew were Indian nationals working under contract and the officers were all licensed merchant mariners.

Oh, and ships hit bridges and docks with distressing regularity.

The problem with silly rumors is that people will believe them because conspiracy theories can be tailored to account for any false information.

Remember dimwit Rosie O’Dumbell claimed that fire had never melted steel before September 11, 2001. Fat dimwit Michael Mooreon produced a movie blaming Pres. G.W. Bush for the tragedy. In his case, his lie filled money made the so called socialist millions of dollars. Yet, people believe that unmitigated BS.

Back when I was working as a paramedic I lived by the motto, “Don’t just do something, stand there.” Which meant do just do something because you could. There is a lot more potential for harm than help in just about every piece of EMS equipment we have, including our vehicles.

The point being to make sure you know what’s going on before acting. In a large event like the Key bridge crash it’s going to take a while to sort out what actually happened versus what the media tells you. That’s even if the media isn’t making shit up to get on the air.

The second 72 Hour Rule says that in a wide scale disaster you need to be prepared to survive for 48-72 hours before help gets to your area. That’s particularly if the federal government is the help for which you are waiting. It doesn’t matter who is in control in Washington, DC it’s going to take that long. The story line in the media will be different depending on which political party is in control, but the fact remains.

If the disaster is large enough it’s very likely that the local and state resources will be unable to respond. Their local resources may be overwhelmed or degraded to the point where they can barely (if at all) able to help themselves and will have no resources to spare. That includes law enforcement, fire suppression, and medical. Medical includes EMS, hospitals, clinics, pharmacies, and even individual practitioners. Public Safety personnel are not immune to floods, fires, blizzards, earthquakes, or tornadoes. In addition to possibly being killed or disabled, they have families, friends, and residences to worry about.

Make sure you have a sufficient supply of food, water, medications, and shelter to last up to 72 hours. Have a generator of some sort to provide power so you can heat or cool your living space in some degree of comfort. Have firearms to protect yourself and your family as the police instead of being minutes away could be hours away or just not coming.

Have first aid supplies and know how to use them in case someone gets ill or injured.

Don’t forget your pets. One of the biggest post Katrina complaints was that there were no provisions to treat, transport, or shelter people’s pets. In the years following Katrina FEMA bought (meaning you and I paid for it) all sorts of vehicles and equipment to rescue pets. This is not an internet story as I saw those vehicles in 2006 when I went to a FEMA training course.

Now, they have all sorts of information on the FEMA website, but other than dogs for Urban Search and Rescue they don’t seem to have all of the equipment that they used to. Nobody can waste money like the government.

So, there are the two 72 Hour Rules. One is not to believe what you hear right after a disaster, the other is to prepare to be self sufficient after a disaster.

For what it’s worth, I once suggested that the functions of FEMA should be contracted out to Walmart. Which might explain why I was never invited back to another FEMA event.


It’s Still The Same Old Story

Calif. county’s ambulance response times delaying FFs on scene up to 25 minutes

I’ll dispense with the lame joke about how they are just Falcking around.

ALAMEDA COUNTY, Calif. —In a recent and strongly worded letter, the managers of two Bay Area cities demanded improvement from Falck, the private ambulance company tasked with responding to emergencies in Alameda County.

The officials from Livermore and Pleasanton alleged poor performance and delayed response times that were “outside of those dictated” by Falck’s contract. In sum, the letter reported that ambulances were late to about one in every six medical emergencies in their cities.

“The expectation of our community is a quicker ambulance response when 911 is called,” the letter read.

About 90% of the complaints at my former employer were about response times, not patient care issues. People don’t much care what we DO as long as we show up quickly.

The accepted “standard” response time in EMS is 8 minutes and 59 seconds. This is based on the inaccurate and obsolete premise that that is the maximum time a person in cardiac arrest can survive without CPR. There was never any data to support it, but so called “experts” in EMS latched on to it and set it as a standard.

One of the ways that private services under municipal contract use to meet that standard is by sending fire department first responder to stop the clock. The fire service organizations that represent fire fighters and fire chiefs latched on to this starting in the mid 1980s for one reason. Jobs. At the time smoke detectors and fire sprinkler systems were cutting the number of fires that needed to be responded to and some cities were talking about cutting back on fire department staffing.

So the two organizations which I won’t name came up with the idea of fire first response to medical calls. Note that the people who came up with the idea were not the same people who were going to be getting up at all hours of the night to go to medical calls for which they were poorly trained. If they were trained at all. Thus was born the fire service “Stare of Life” where in the fire fighters stood around while the officer got on his radio to ask for the ETA of the ambulance.

Although firefighters are often the first responders on a scene, they are not technically allowed to transport patients to the hospital — even in emergency situations. Because Falck has an exclusive contract with the county, only their ambulances are permitted to conduct such transports.

According to Woerner, that often creates a situation in which firefighters end up waiting on the scene 15, 20, or even 25 minutes for an ambulance to arrive, even with critically injured patients.

“In my world, it’s not acceptable,” Woerner said of Falck’s delayed response times.

Be careful what you ask for, you just might get it.

Some observers think a better system would be the “alliance model,” a public-private partnership where the county EMS agency contracts with the fire departments, which in turn manages the ambulance system. The system is used successfully in Contra Costa County , and San Diego just recently reached an agreement with Falck to take over billing and staffing in a similar model.

San Diego had a previous incarnation of this type of system with a different private ambulance service. I forget which one and it might now be out of business. Then again San Diego has always had weird EMS delivery models.

But I digress.

“Response times are only important and influence clinical care and patient outcomes in a small fraction of cases,” spokesperson Troy Espera wrote in a statement.

This is 100% accurate. It’s also 100% irrelevant. Why?

Because as stated above all people who call for an ambulance care about is that someone gets there fast.

Although Oakland only represents 30 % of the population, 50 % of the call volume in Alameda County comes from the city.

I’ve never been to Oakland and with luck will never go to Oakland. I know little other than it’s baseball and football teams have fled to other areas. One other thing I know is that Oakland has a lot of poor people. Poor people utilize, some say abuse, EMS for a bunch of reasons that I won’t go in to. It’s not just Oakland, but every city of any size anywhere in the country.

All sorts of alternatives have been tried to sending ambulance that essentially function as taxi cabs, but if anyone has found one that works I’ve not heard about it.

{Hayward Fire Chief Garrett} Contreras

“Our residents shouldn’t have to have an understanding on how this all works,” [Hayward Fire Chief Garrett] Contreras said. “The expectation the public has is that when there’s a problem, we’re going to fix it. So let’s fix it.”

Hate to break it to you Chief, but you are not part of the solution, you are part of the problem.

Thus has it ever been, thus it seems it will always be as time goes by.